Factors at Play in RoRo Vessels Selling

RoRo vessels are ships that are used to carry wheeled cargo like automobiles, trucks, trains etc. An acronym for Roll on and Roll off, the RoRo vehicles are named thus as the cargos here are loaded and unloaded by way of rolling on and rolling off through built in ramps.

Kinds of RoRO vessels generally found are day and night ferries, pure trailer vessels and trailer ferries with accommodation for drivers. For the RoRo vessels that cross the oceans exclusively carrying cars and trucks are known as Pure Car Carriers (PCC) and Pure Truck & Car Carriers (PCTC) respectively.

roro vessels for sale

Unlike other cargos, the cargos of RoRo vessels are measured in lanes in metres (LM). With a slight variation to RoRo vessels Ropax vessels are made. Here passenger accommodation is added.

Due to its easier loading and unloading process and better integration capacity with other transport development the RoRO vehicles are normally speedier.

The RoRo industry has shown balanced responses to market demands inspite of the demands of quality service at right frequency and degree of capacity. The global RoRO market has become more fragmented with more number of small capacity of exporters coming in.

From various worldwide surveys done on the demand of RoRo shipping services, the decision making factors can be categorized as the following:

Quantitative factors:

  • related to route ( frequency, transit time, capacity, number of calls)
  • factors related to costs (freight rates, insurance, etc.)
  • service factors (reliability and delays, risk of damages and losses, emergency handling capabilities, documents and ability of tracing etc.).

Qualitative factors:

  • tradition
  • flexibility
  • measure of responsiveness to flaws
  • information available during transport
  • cooperation and personal contact
  • ease of administration

The specific choice factors that work in the shipping services, as per data gathered from large number of shipping services companies are, long terms commitment in the specific market, willingness of carriers for long-term contract, technical characteristics of the vessel, reputation regarding damage to cargo, service frequency, agreeability to negotiate flexible contracts for variable circumstances, freight rate, reputation of punctuality, transit time, marketing activities and problem responsiveness.

As port plays a big role in shipping services the following attributes of ports control demand of services: proximity of port to the point of production or delivery, costs of port, reputation for strike record, cargo facilities, traditional links with the shipping line and its promotional activities, speed of port operations, port accessibility.

Their exists a dilemma in prioritizing the port or the vessel when choosing a RoRo vessel service. Some believe that the port is the chief deciding factor and some think it is the carrier. Apart from that, individual perception of shipping managers and buyers has a big role in final decision making of buying a service. It has been generally noted that shipping managers have a conservative approach and only take calculated risk and that too occasionally. In selection of carriers and ports they tend to go for personal contacts and perception formed according to their experience in the sector and abilities. Actual data of performance generally has a secondary influence in the decision making.

As RoRo vessels market comprise of a big chunk of the shipping business, the decision making process here is based more on individual perception and conservative risk averse behaviour pattern than on actual findings.

Cruise and Ferries for Sale

Cruise sailing is primarily for experiencing luxurious vacation while Ferries are used for general transportation needs. The Cruise and ferries industry is rapidly growing. In the year 2016 the cruise industry has drawn an estimated 22 million passengers across the world. The global cruise market has earned $39.6 billion within year 2008 to 2015. The ferry industry across nations, commutes around 2.1 billion passengers per year in addition to 250 million vehicles and 32 million trailers. It is considered as one of the safest mode of transportation.

ferries for sale

Some of the Important Pointers in Cruise and Ferries Sale

Ferry and Cruise vessels are sold on the factors like,

Overall rating by experts and user, Year of make, Class, Length over all (LOA), Breath overall (BOA), Cruise type (Deep sea, Coastal, River), PAX or Passenger capacity, Beam, Draft, Crew to guest ratio, Speed, Amount of elbow room, suitability for family with age specific facilities, Space for day time activities, Cabin, Deck plan etc.

According to CLIA Travel Agent Survey statistics, factors working most for cruise booking are: Value/Price (86,6%), Itineraries (77,7%), Cruise line reputation (76%), Departure port (61,3%), and Amenities (39,3%).

Factors that affect business of cruise and ferries are weather conditions, social unrest, the economy, competition, political instability and exchange rates.

The domain of ship sale demands thorough knowledge of its terminologies. To interest potential buyers, the ship design, its purpose and construction need to be communicated with clarity. In addition to informing the routes and probable meteorological occurrence, it is imperative that clients are told about size, capability and specialization of the ship building yards.

Registration of ship are of two types. Registration of owner’s own country or offshore registration. Both of them have their pros and cons and a ship broker has significant role in modifying such registration. Each vessel needs to be classified and their sale is depended on it. Here also a broker can have a role in changing the classification of a ship.

In recent times the cruise and ferry industry is focusing on energy efficient operations. The customers demand clean and green operations. Ways like, energy efficient ports, rerouting in stormy weather, regular maintenance to control wear and tear, propeller polishing, upgradation of engine and other components have a big impact on fuel cost and thus play significant role in greener solutions.

Some of the Challenges in the Cruise Business

1. Attracting first time travellers as passengers are prone to select their first choice repeatedly

2. Huge vessels with overcapacity give enormous discounts pose difficulty for other businesses

3. Set perceptions on cruise as being expensive and boring

4. Air passenger duty has a major impact even on the fly-cruise deals market (discounted flight and cruise packages)

Inspite of challenges, all the huge potential and newer markets developing in Asia and Australia, ferry and cruise vessels for sale will remain a hotbed for serious business. While the giant players occupy big portions of the market, there are many who have strong potential for a good market impact.

Reasons to Invest In The Norwegian ROPAX and RORO Vessels

The Norwegian Maritime Industry has been ruling one of the world’s biggest merchant fleets for a period of more than 150 years. This is quite unbelievable and unacceptable given that, the country has a population of fewer than 6 million people according to the 2016 statistics. And what’s more? The Norwegian Government aims to turn it into the world’s Maritime capital as well as the most environment-friendly solutions provider of this century. Now, how is that possible? Well, the following points will give you a brief idea regarding the influence of this particular industry on the economic growth of the nation besides delineating the reasons why you it is recommendable to invest in this large-scale business.

Ropax Vessels For Sale

Availability of Experienced Ship Brokers

You will find a plethora of ship broker companies in Norway that are always on their toes to give you the best deals for advanced vessels. Instead of searching for fine cruises and ferries for sale in the market, you can always contact a ship brokering agency and let them do all the research. You can rest assured they will keep a tab on lucrative deals in the market and provide you with the details so you can pick one according to your budget and preferences.

Fleet of Technologically Advanced Vessels

The 1970’s marked the beginning of the Norwegian Offshore Fleet. It started with the petroleum operations on the continental shelf even during adverse climatic conditions and poor working environment. However, hard work never goes in vain and today, the country possesses one of the largest and most technologically advanced offshore fleets in the world. In fact, the domestic market has laid the foundation for companies to take their business beyond the Norwegian continental shelf. Today, about half of the industry’s revenue comes from outside operations. This trend will sprout better results in future when the companies start exploring the challenges beyond the safe limits of the continental shelf.

The Maritime Industry influences economic growth to a great extent

Large-scale shipping companies, equipment manufacturers, shipbuilding yards, universities, Research and Development centres and regulatory bodies comprise the Maritime Industry of Norway. It accounted for 5.5% of the nation’s GDP in 2009 and it is also ranked second in the nation’s export industry, the oil and gas sector being the first ones. Therefore, it is needless to say that this particular industry is growing by leaps and bounds and this is just the right time to invest in this profitable business.

Beneficial to the environment

The sea is one of the most environment-friendly modes of transport and Norway leads in this particular sector. About 90% of world trade is conducted via sea transport and it accounts for a little more than 2% of greenhouse gas emissions. A single ship has can replace about a hundred trucks thus reducing traffic congestion, accidents and greenhouse gas emissions to large degrees. Therefore the Norwegian Government is betting on the Maritime industry to take this small nation at the top of global charts with respect to environment-friendliness.

Smart Ships with all Modern Amenities

It is needless to say here that the Norwegian fleet is one of the most advanced in the whole world. The shipping companies are engaged in several seagoing activities like the transportation of chemicals, gas, petroleum products, rolling stock, vehicles and so on. You will come across advertisements of ROPAX and RORO vessels for sale every now and then. And, those ships are quite advanced in terms of technology. For example, they are leading in the aspect of gas-powered vessels and utilisation of alternative energies on board.

If you are a possible investor in this industry, it is advisable not to waste more time in indecisiveness. Contact a reliable as well as experienced ship brokering company and start investing in water transport. Let your ship raise a storm in the Norwegian or international waters.

A Trip To Remember With The New Windstar Cruises

Can you recall when was the last time you packed your bag and set off on a fun-filled vacation? Are you tired of all the same-old brouhaha surrounding a getaway? How about embarking on a luxurious cruise vacation? An island by the sapphire sea, surrounded by a chain of rugged mountains is perfect to feed your pleasure-seeking soul. For many people, the mere idea of the word “cruise” evokes cringeworthy images chintzy cabins and extravagant fun, but cruise trips can be a way more thrilling way to view the world – it only depends on the cruise ship you choose. If you rely on our suggestion, then you must head for The New Windstar Cruises, which can make your voyage a lot more enthralling. Wondering how? Well, look into the following to know more –

Cruise Ships For Sale

A Quick Overview

The year 2015 had ushered a decent beginning for Windstar Cruises. In the late December of 2015, Star Pride roamed around off Panama, Coiba, putting a sudden end to her Christmas cruise through the Panama Canal and Costa Rica. The damage was intense enough that the entire season in Central America got scrapped, along with its transatlantic crossing. Then the good news came by. By fall, Windstar had offered seven new management roles to streamline the operation of the company, right from fleet development to human resources. In the meantime, Windstar announced one of its best European seasons to date, with about 120 distinct departures which include a couple of new itineraries in Croatia and sea journey to Scandinavia and Iceland.

The Luxury Amenities

A plethora of Mediterranean itineraries, Windstar has added departure to its highly-popular voyages that can explore the far reaches of Iceland and Scandinavia. This year, Windstar is providing travelers with seven departure dates in between July and August aboard both the Star Legend and Star Pride. The weeklong sea journey, departing roundtrip Reykjavik, thoroughly circumnavigates Iceland along with calls on several ports and an overnight stay in Seydisfjordur.

The Windstar guests have a plethora of choices when it comes to holidaying on Windstar cruise. The luxury cruise line has a fleet of six cruise ships, comprised of three motor yachts and ships that can not only sail faster but also reach destinations that were previously out of reach.

Of the three ships, Wind star and Wind Spirit are considered the smallest ones. These sailing ships were given a huge makeover back in the year 2013. Fast forward to 2017, and today they look a lot more chic and classy than even before. Wind Surf, the larger sailing mate takes pride of its significantly different design and décor. It carries twice as many travelers, but still, displays a plethora of sailing grandeur.

Wind Star has inherited these three tips including Star Legend, Star Breeze and Star Pride from Seabourn, putting them through a series of renovations which have left this intimate trio appearing better than ever. Lounges were re-decked up; suits were outfitted along with new furnishings and lightings. According to many people, Wind Star has snapped up some of the Seabourn’s most attractive cruise ships.

Concluding Note

If the above-mentioned information is not enough to feed your appetite, you can rely on a reputable ship broker company located in Norway. Besides, informing you all about The New Windstar, these companies can also update you on the best cruise ships for sale, in case if you want to invest on any.

An Overview on How Cruise Ship has Evolved since its Invention

The cruise vessels that are available in the market today are direct successors of the original ocean liners, also popular as transatlantic passenger vessels. Most of the ocean liners of 1920s, 30s and 40s are surviving in other forms. For example, the Queen Elizabeth II has turned into a floating resort in Dubai. Another older ship – cruise shipthe original Queen Mary is now serving as a hotel or tourist attraction in Long Beach, the Rotterdam will soon become a museum in the Netherlands. Cunard’s Queen Mary II is likely to be the last contemporary ocean liner for transatlantic passenger service.
There are still a couple of older ocean liners serving all around the globe like cruise ships. But their numbers are decreasing.

Key differences between today’s vessels and old liners

  • Necessity for speed

One key difference between the ships in the recent years and the old liners is the necessity for speed. In the initial days, ocean liners were only afforded by rich and powerful people, who had an urgency to reach their destination quickly. Today’s cruise ships are indeed faster than most of the old ships, but at the time of engineering, the focus is solely not on the high speed. Now days, people are opting for cruise vessels to enjoy the relaxing ambiance and the prime objective is vacationing. Therefore, longer, slower and more leisurely trips are mostly preferred.

  • Mix of accommodations & facilities

The range of accommodations on modern cruise vessels comprise – a cabin; ‘Presidential suites’ aimed to be used by the President, although hardly any President will ever stay in those suites in recent times. Similarly, the Queen’s Grill on British-Flagged ships was the place where the Queen would actually had her dinner if she was in the sea. At present, “High Tea” on some of the cruise ships are also the successor of “The Gilded Age”.

The years 1880s to 1930s were the golden days of grand dining, when ladies in gowns and gentlemen in white tie and tails in dinner jackets circled round the dinner table to participate in grand dining. The formal nights on today’s cruises are influenced from the genteel practices of the old-gold era. There was ballroom, libraries and lounges. Over the decades, the modes of entertainment evolved with Broadway-style shows, numerous bars, rock climbing walls, game zones, water slides, nightclubs, small golf courses and more.

  • The role of Classification Society – now and then

A Classification Society is a non-governmental body that looks after the technical aspects; sets rules; ensures that design and details of every vessel meet these rules,Cruise Vesselinspect vessels at the time of construction and at frequent intervals to make sure that these vessels continue to abide by the technical rules and standards.
In the year 1760, the Register Society, the first classification society was formed to publish ships’ registrations annually. This publication was intended to classify the status of the hull and equipment of the ship. At the initial stages, the condition of every vessel was classified annually.

At present, there are several classification societies that every classification society employs surveyors for ship inspection, material engineers, mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, etc. They are authorized to examine oil rigs, ships, submarines and other marine structures. If everything meets the rules, they issue certificates on behalf of the state’s flag under which the ships are registered.

The old cruise vessels are now refurbished and used for multiple purposes. Therefore, one can get old cruise vessels for sale at reasonable prices by contacting a reliable ship broker.

Operational Code of Conduct and Maintenance Standards for Fast Ferries

High-speed ferry falls under a special category of seagoing vessels, including catamarans, hydrofoils and hovercraft. The construction, cooperation and maintenance of the commercial high-speed vessel usually have same statutory laws to that of administering other merchant shipping.

However, due to the particular issues related to their travelling speed, there are substitution and addition in regulations that look after the operational aspects of these vessels, where they carry passenger, cargo or both.

This write-up discusses the construction and maintenance standards, operational code of conduct and addresses certain matters related to high-speed ferries.


High Speed Vessels for Sale


International code of safety for high-speed craft

The International code of safety for fast ferries was created by the International Maritime Organization. IMO is the specialized agency of United Nation, accountable for improving safety at the sea and reducing pollution. The organization prepares most of the rules, regulations and standards related to the operation of passenger ferries and cargo vessels when sailing for international voyages.

The International Maritime Organization’s SOLAS Convention (Safety of Life at Sea) introduced a new chapter that came into action in the year 1996. The code was made mandatory for all high-speed vessels that were built on or after January 1st from the same year. The code is updated regularly to provide info on the latest technological developments related to high speed craft.

The UK maritime law has included this code of late through the Merchant Shipping (High Speed Craft) Regulations 2004.

Structural and construction considerations

There are detailed standards that have to be met while constructing fast ferries. All the high speed vessels for sale meet these construction criteria established by the International Code of Safety. These take into account:

  • Accommodation for crew and passenger
  • Considerations for the structure
  • Steering and stabilisation
  • Equipments and gears for safety and emergency
  • Principles of propulsion and machinery
  • Navigational equipments, radio and electrical tools

Based on these standards, ship surveys are executed and operational certificates are also issued. Several high-speed vessels faced control issues at the time of sailing across the sea, which instigated the Maritime and Coast Agency to conduct surveys and research to deal with this issue.

Get best deals on fast ferries for sale, which includes a fresh list of mono hull vessels and high-speed catamarans.

Operational code of conduct and maintenance standards

An extensive guidelines and instruction on maintenance of the vessel, which includes precautionary measures like routine maintenance, preventive inspection and modification has been mentioned in the International Code of Safety.

The code also comprises processes for reporting and recording maintenance. If vessel owners fail to follow correct procedures for maintenance, he or she would have to face legal consequences. Therefore, maintenance is of great importance when it comes to routine inspections of the vessels.

One can also get elaborate instructions to operate high-speed vessels correctly. This includes documentation, emergency instructions, safety measures and training.

There are added instructions for cargo and passenger ferries, especially for emergency procedures and training.

Safety And Prevention Measures To Be Taken Before Purchasing A Cruise Vessel

The basis for ship safety regulation is the SOLAS requirement implemented by IMO. The issue of maritime safety has been the focus of discussion at the IMO for many years. The SOLAR Convention deals with a broad range of measures to improve the safety standards in a vessel. This includes fire protection, stability, standard for vessel design and construction, navigation, live-saving equipments, communication facilities, safety management and certification. According to the SOLAS amendments passed in 1992, there has to be proper fire safety measures on every passenger vessel. Therefore, in order abide by the amendments, the new and existing vessels are required to upgrade fire life-saving equipments and fire protection, smoke-detectors, automatic sprinklers and install low-level lights. The cruise vessels for sale usually have all these safety measures.

Cruise Ships For Sale

Items to inspect on a boat

Almost every purchase of a ship starts with an initial inspection. The companies that put cruise ships or vessels for sale usually recommend an initial inspection that is to be performed in order to provide the basis of a purchase offer. Things to be looked for in the inspection phase:

In the initial stage, general items are checked first. The purchaser may not be allowed to open the tanks, operate the machinery, or execute any persistent inspection. The evaluation and inspection will only be restricted to what is seen on the surface.

  • Check for the up-to-date certificates for operations, taxes and registration documents, any penalties or tax dues. It is also to be verified if the engine room bilge is clean.

  • Any issues with boat leakage is to be noted. A few mugs of water in 2 hours are considerable, but 1/2 a gallon or more than that is a matter of concern.

  • The hull is to be inspected for gelcoat cracks. If the area surrounding the cracks is supple, it indicates that the boat is not in very good condition.

  • The ship can be rigged once just to make sure that all parts are present.

Survey and Sea trials

Agreeable survey and sea trial is an important aspect to negotiate the contract. The purchaser will be responsible to bear any expense associated with the surveyor and any hauling. Any suspicious item or unusual concern may be brought into account. The surveyor usually acts as the agent, open the tanks on the vessel, examine and test the machineries, inspect the engineering and repairing records and also verify all the past dry docking records.

The steel in the ship required to be audio-gauged either in the water or during the time of dry docking. This helps in determining the wastage from the time of construction. Wastage and corrosion is a very common problem observed in steel boats. Therefore, this step is very significant and should not be neglected.

Once the survey is finished, the surveyor will make a report where the current status of the vessel will be written. The whole survey process is conducted in the water. If the report shows satisfactory results, then the ship is further moved to the dry dock for further assessment.