Cruise and Ferries for Sale

Cruise sailing is primarily for experiencing luxurious vacation while Ferries are used for general transportation needs. The Cruise and ferries industry is rapidly growing. In the year 2016 the cruise industry has drawn an estimated 22 million passengers across the world. The global cruise market has earned $39.6 billion within year 2008 to 2015. The ferry industry across nations, commutes around 2.1 billion passengers per year in addition to 250 million vehicles and 32 million trailers. It is considered as one of the safest mode of transportation.

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Some of the Important Pointers in Cruise and Ferries Sale

Ferry and Cruise vessels are sold on the factors like,

Overall rating by experts and user, Year of make, Class, Length over all (LOA), Breath overall (BOA), Cruise type (Deep sea, Coastal, River), PAX or Passenger capacity, Beam, Draft, Crew to guest ratio, Speed, Amount of elbow room, suitability for family with age specific facilities, Space for day time activities, Cabin, Deck plan etc.

According to CLIA Travel Agent Survey statistics, factors working most for cruise booking are: Value/Price (86,6%), Itineraries (77,7%), Cruise line reputation (76%), Departure port (61,3%), and Amenities (39,3%).

Factors that affect business of cruise and ferries are weather conditions, social unrest, the economy, competition, political instability and exchange rates.

The domain of ship sale demands thorough knowledge of its terminologies. To interest potential buyers, the ship design, its purpose and construction need to be communicated with clarity. In addition to informing the routes and probable meteorological occurrence, it is imperative that clients are told about size, capability and specialization of the ship building yards.

Registration of ship are of two types. Registration of owner’s own country or offshore registration. Both of them have their pros and cons and a ship broker has significant role in modifying such registration. Each vessel needs to be classified and their sale is depended on it. Here also a broker can have a role in changing the classification of a ship.

In recent times the cruise and ferry industry is focusing on energy efficient operations. The customers demand clean and green operations. Ways like, energy efficient ports, rerouting in stormy weather, regular maintenance to control wear and tear, propeller polishing, upgradation of engine and other components have a big impact on fuel cost and thus play significant role in greener solutions.

Some of the Challenges in the Cruise Business

1. Attracting first time travellers as passengers are prone to select their first choice repeatedly

2. Huge vessels with overcapacity give enormous discounts pose difficulty for other businesses

3. Set perceptions on cruise as being expensive and boring

4. Air passenger duty has a major impact even on the fly-cruise deals market (discounted flight and cruise packages)

Inspite of challenges, all the huge potential and newer markets developing in Asia and Australia, ferry and cruise vessels for sale will remain a hotbed for serious business. While the giant players occupy big portions of the market, there are many who have strong potential for a good market impact.

The Reasons Behind Converting Waters Jets into Ecoflow Propulsors

A majority of the classification societies have the specific construction criteria for their smaller vessels including the fast ferries. As per the studies, in order to catch up the global standard of smaller ferries, some major constructional changes have been considered recently. The updated versions of the smaller vessels have the robust engineering and technical upgradations. Also, the water jets have been converted into the eco-flow propulsors to tweak the functionality and overall performance of the small vessels. According to the experts, the propulsors are a way better than the water jets, as they have manifold advantages. Every technology used in this latest setup, structure, and machinery add to the overall performance of the smaller vessels.

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The Prime Advantages of Eco-flow Propulsors

During the reconstruction process, the designers have looked at the pivotal advantages of propulsion. With the most advanced and versatile propulsors, you can get a plethora of benefits. These are –

1. High-speed operation
2. High bollard pull forces
3. Less operational fuel cost
4. Wider operational range
5. The best DP operations
6. An improved operational flexibility
7. Environmental friendly functionalities
8. High acceleration
9. High maneuverability

Some More Advantages

The smaller vessels that have been introduced to Eco-flow propulsors have a huge power installation, specially designed for approximate 40-50 Knots. With a newly converted profile, it keeps the service speed of 25-30 Knots by minimizing its power and maximizing the efficiency. This upgradation has introduced a significantly better profile for the smaller vessels. Owing to the latest upgradation, the smaller vessels have been provided with the lower rate of emission and fuel consumption.

When the Decision has been Taken to Meet Different Targets

Regardless to say, the decision of converting water jets into eco flow propulsors has been taken to fulfill some important targets. Wondering what could be the targets? Look below to resolve your inquisition

1. Emission reduction with help of the latest technologies on the replacement engines

2. The decreased weight provides more passenger seats

3. The improved propulsion efficiency has caused an estimated 30% reduction in fuel consumption

4. The reduced fuel consumption has resulted in the reduced carbon and Nox emission

5. Funding from the government and “green” institutions

6. A discernible reduction in the maintenance cost

7. The reduced wake

8. The visibly increased reliability

9. The maximized serviceability

10. Lower installation cost

11. More engine room space that propels better serviceability

12. Large range at the same tank capacity

13. Weight reduction in about 15 tonnes

To Conclude

The effective propulsion befriending the advanced hull form, upgraded engines and weight savings not just leads lower operational cost by reducing fuel consumption, but also results in the lower emissions by making the marine industry more environment-friendly.

Sometimes change is better, and in this case, the conversion of water jets is accompanied by a great deal of appreciation and success.

Learn the Table Etiquettes for an Enjoyable Eating Experience on a Cruise

Irrespective of the culture, tradition an origin, everyone loves mouth-watering and tangy food preparations. Be it for celebrating the festive season or spending a lazy weekend, yummy platters should top your priority list. Now, whether you are flocking to a posh restaurant or setting out for a luxury cruising, learning table etiquettes is a must. Are you planning to embark on a luxury cruise trip? If yes, then don’t forget to keep these table etiquettes in mind –

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If you want to have it, order it

Generally, in the main dining room of a cruise ship you can come across a menu with a very limited selection. It’s disappointing not to get your favorite dish, and the limited stock of food is to put the blame on. The passengers come across such awkward situations especially when ordering for special platters that top the popularity list. Often, such highly popular platters are only available on a special event.
Sometimes, the passengers get a chance to order 3 or 4 platters. It does not mean, they have to eat them all at a time. Also, if you are dissatisfied with a platter, don’t hang back from asking for something else. Many first-time cruisers don’t even understand they can order the platters of their preference in any quantity they want. Don’t repeat this mistake if you are cruising for the very first time. Remember, you have paid adequately for the food. Hence, it’s your right to order as much as you want.

Experiment when it comes to your taste bud

A cruise is an ideal place to try out new cuisines that you have never had before. As you have already paid for the platters, don’t hesitate about ordering something new and not liking it and resultantly dumping it. You might find some cuisines you have never tried before in the menu. And this is the ideal time to give it a shot. You never know. You may just find a new favorite food which you might end up ordering on every cruise in the future.

Try one of the speciality restaurants

You may loathe the concept of spending more money on a cruise vacation when you already dropped a large sum just to get on the ship. Well, if you don’t back out from shelling out a lot, make sure to try out the amazing specialty restaurants. These restaurants are perfect for the festive season or special occasions like anniversary, birthday, etc. Just remember that you may have to spend some big bucks, but you will be absolutely floored by the food and services these restaurants will offer.

Arrange the table accommodation beforehand

Most tables can seat 4 to 8 people. But if you are going on your honeymoon or just prefer to have a table for just two persons, you can request it ahead of time. Before you cruise, you can also determine what dinner schedule you would like to zero in on. If you find that you are stuck at a table with less than desirable dinner mates, you can ask for the manager for another table for the next night.

If the above-mentioned information is not enough, contact a reliable ship broking company in Norway to gather more info. Make sure to zero in on a reputed company that deals with the best cruise ships or high speed vessels for sale. You can collect all the updates from them regarding the same.

Construction and Maintenance Standards of High-Speed Crafts

High-speed craft belongs to the category of sea-going vessels that include hovercraft, hydrofoils, catamarans, etc. Both the construction and operation of high-speed crafts is subjected to similar legislation that controls other merchant shipping. However, there are some additional and substitute regulations that are also taken into account because of some specific issues caused by their speed of travel.

High speed craft

High Speed Craft Codes

IMO (International Maritime Organization) framed the International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft. The IMO is involved into formulating standards and regulations related to the operation of passenger and cargo ships.
The international code of safety offers an overall guidance on how to choose correct equipments and the methods of maintenance and operation of high-speed crafts.
A new regulation of IMO called SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) was framed in 1996. The new regulation made the safety code compulsory for high crafts that were manufactured on or after January 1, 1996.

Construction Standard for High-Speed Crafts

The International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft explains regarding the standards that have to be followed while manufacturing a high-speed craft. According to the safety code, the manufacturer has to consider

• Passenger and crew accommodation
• Structural factors
• Life saving, emergency and safety equipments
• Steering and control
• Machinery and propulsion systems
• Stabilization
• Navigation, radio and electrical equipments

Based on these factors, the manufacturer conducts ship surveys. In addition, operational certificates are issued after adhering to these standards.

Maintenance and Operational Standards for High-Speed Crafts

The International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft offers guidance on maintenance of the ship. The maintenance guideline includes routine maintenance, preventive inspection, etc. The code also explains how a manufacturer records and makes reports of maintenance activities.

Maintenance is the major issue that crops up during the periodic inspections of the ship. If a shipowner fails to follow the right maintenance procedures, he or she can face legal action.

The code offers detailed instructions on how to operate the high-speed crafts. By following the code, a ship owner can learn about training, emergency and safety instructions as well as carrying out steps for proper documentation. Additional instructions on training and emergency procedures are available for passenger and cargo ships.

Requirements for Ro-Ro High-Speed Craft

High-speed Ro-Ro crafts vessels like hydrofoil craft and catamarans are subjected to the general requirements of International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft. These vessels are also subjected to special regulations, especially in regards to crew and passenger safety. During the operation of these vessels, the navigation department has to follow regulations related to buoyancy and stability issues.

As per the SOLAS convention, high-speed roll on/roll off vessels are covered by damage stability requirements. Ships used for international voyages in Baltic and northwest Europe have to follow the Stockholm agreement. Both the stability requirements come into practice when damage is caused by water flooding the decks.

These are regulations which high-speed craft owners have to follow for maintaining and operating ships. During the operation, proper safety requirements of crew and passengers have to be met.

Diesel Engines and their Usage in the Marine Vessels

The inventor of diesel engine is Rudolf Diesel. Although, he invented the engine, but to keep it functioning on board vessels, marine engineers work hard. The uses of diesel engines are many and they vary from ships to ships. Diesel engines are also technically known as compression ignition in the shipping industry.

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To operate and maintain a diesel engine, it is required to understand how it works. Diesel engines basically work on simple principle and prove to be reliable if maintained properly.

Ways to classify diesel engines

  • Speed – Classifications are made on slow/ medium and high speed
  • Usage – Locomotive engines, automotive engines, marine engines
  • Operation – 2-stroke engine, 4-stroke engine, double acting, single acting
  • Cylinder Arrangements – vertical, horizontal, vee, radial

It can be observed from the classification that marine engines are used in ships, boats, submarines and so on. In the marine industry, both 2 and 4 stroke engines are used. The low speed two-stroke engines are generally used for the key propulsion or for turning the propeller of the ships. The 4-stroke high speed diesel engines are used for providing auxiliary power.

2-Stroke and 4-Stroke Engines

Let’s get an overview on the 2 stroke engine first. There are a variety of 2-stroke engines. The popular example is uniflow type where air is introduced inside the cylinder through the ports and the valve used for exhaust.

The working cycle of 2-stroke engine:

  • Exhaust and Inlet
  • Compression and Power

Parts of a 2-stroke diesel engine are:inside of ferries

  • Inlet ports
  • Piston ring locating pin
  • Exhaust ports or exhaust valves
  • Scavenge blower

Now, let us understand the basics of a 4 stroke engine. The operating cycle of a 4-stroke diesel engine is:

  • Induction – The exhaust valve gets closed, the inlet valve gets opened. The first downward pressure of the piston pulls fresh air into the cylinder.
  • Compression – The inlet and exhaust valves, both are closed. On the 1st upward pressure of the piston, the air is compressed by heating the air. The fuel is instilled just prior to the piston arrive at Top Dead Centre (TDC).
  • Power – The exhaust valves and inlet; both remain closed. The piston is forced downward when the fuel ignites in the cylinder
  • Exhaust – The exhaust valve is open and the inlet valve is closed. The piston reaches the cylinder pushing out the exhaust gases out of the cylinder.

Each engine has a particular valve opening and closing time based on the operating requirements of the engine. The timing for valve opening and closing also depends on whether it is naturally aspirated or turbocharged. In 4 stroke cycle, there is 1 power stroke for each 2 revolutions of the crankshaft. To turn the propeller, the power stroke is used.

Marine Engine Components

Diesel engines include many components and systems. All these parts serve specific functions. These components and systems range from small nuts to comprehensive cooling or fuel systems. Some of the basic engine components are Cylinder head, Block, Inlet valve/s, Fuel lift pump, Camshaft, Flywheel, Turbo charger, Crankshaft, Air cleaner, Cylinder liners, Lubricating oil pump, Alternator and more.

All marine vessels such as fast ferries, cruises, RoRo vessels, etc. are equipped with diesel engines. A good number of fast ferries are for sale in Norway. Rely on a professional ship broker to purchase.

Operational Code of Conduct and Maintenance Standards for Fast Ferries

High-speed ferry falls under a special category of seagoing vessels, including catamarans, hydrofoils and hovercraft. The construction, cooperation and maintenance of the commercial high-speed vessel usually have same statutory laws to that of administering other merchant shipping.

However, due to the particular issues related to their travelling speed, there are substitution and addition in regulations that look after the operational aspects of these vessels, where they carry passenger, cargo or both.

This write-up discusses the construction and maintenance standards, operational code of conduct and addresses certain matters related to high-speed ferries.

 

High Speed Vessels for Sale

 

International code of safety for high-speed craft

The International code of safety for fast ferries was created by the International Maritime Organization. IMO is the specialized agency of United Nation, accountable for improving safety at the sea and reducing pollution. The organization prepares most of the rules, regulations and standards related to the operation of passenger ferries and cargo vessels when sailing for international voyages.

The International Maritime Organization’s SOLAS Convention (Safety of Life at Sea) introduced a new chapter that came into action in the year 1996. The code was made mandatory for all high-speed vessels that were built on or after January 1st from the same year. The code is updated regularly to provide info on the latest technological developments related to high speed craft.

The UK maritime law has included this code of late through the Merchant Shipping (High Speed Craft) Regulations 2004.

Structural and construction considerations

There are detailed standards that have to be met while constructing fast ferries. All the high speed vessels for sale meet these construction criteria established by the International Code of Safety. These take into account:

  • Accommodation for crew and passenger
  • Considerations for the structure
  • Steering and stabilisation
  • Equipments and gears for safety and emergency
  • Principles of propulsion and machinery
  • Navigational equipments, radio and electrical tools

Based on these standards, ship surveys are executed and operational certificates are also issued. Several high-speed vessels faced control issues at the time of sailing across the sea, which instigated the Maritime and Coast Agency to conduct surveys and research to deal with this issue.

Get best deals on fast ferries for sale, which includes a fresh list of mono hull vessels and high-speed catamarans.

Operational code of conduct and maintenance standards

An extensive guidelines and instruction on maintenance of the vessel, which includes precautionary measures like routine maintenance, preventive inspection and modification has been mentioned in the International Code of Safety.

The code also comprises processes for reporting and recording maintenance. If vessel owners fail to follow correct procedures for maintenance, he or she would have to face legal consequences. Therefore, maintenance is of great importance when it comes to routine inspections of the vessels.

One can also get elaborate instructions to operate high-speed vessels correctly. This includes documentation, emergency instructions, safety measures and training.

There are added instructions for cargo and passenger ferries, especially for emergency procedures and training.

Design and Construction Criteria for High-Speed Ferries

Most of the classification societies have construction criteria for high-speed craft. Studies are being embarked on to perk up the international standards related to high-speed vessel. The updated versions of high-speed crafts have robust engineering and technical sophistication. Generally, the hulls are designed by using light weight materials. Weight has an unfavourable outcome on functionality and speed. Every kg of weight saved in the setup, machinery and structure adds to the performance and also the weight available for fuel and payload.

Fast ferries

  • Stress analysis of hull during the design process

The high speed vessels/ catamarans are being built accordingly to meet HSC (high speed code). During the design process, the stress analysis of the hull is looked at very carefully. The main objective is to make the hull as light weight and still as possible. To achieve this, majority of the hulls are constructed using marine grade composites and/or 5000 series aluminium. If steel is used, it has to be of very high quality. Composite construction is the lightest and most costly construction procedure by making use of carbon fibre or high-tech materials. The cost is high due to expensive raw materials, and cost associated with tooling, moulds, curing processes and lamination. Normally, composite hull are present on vessels of length 30 meters or less.

  • Directional steadiness and manoeuvrability

As compared to conventional vessels, most of the multi-hull designs have minimal speed loss in rough waves due to decreased pitching motion. Manoeuvrability and directional steadiness at low and high speeds are evaluated to be fruitful because of the hulls separation and the propulsion units’ outboard location. Catamarans/fast ferries will have to adjust their speed according to the actual wave height. Generally, multi-hulls have less capacity to carry cargo than mono-hulls, per displacement ton. Because of high centre of gravity, which means low metacentric height, the distribution of weight becomes more sensitive.

  • Reduced rolling motions to enhance passenger comfort

Reduced rolling or pitching motions improves passenger comfort. High-speed ferries for sale have loads of specific equipment to enhance passenger comfort like stabilization units. The passenger accommodation space often have aviation seating feature.

In most of the situations, the vessels are designed to function and operate on particular geographic location and services. The proposed usage is examined related to route, speed, service, passenger and cargo capacity, operational matters, passenger comfort and environmental factors. The special design parameters of a vessel can be modified for use as per particular service. So, fast ferries for sale can be customized as per the concerning usage.

Special focus must be given to the construction and design of high-speed vessels. Design, construction and manufacturing from reliable firms and yards are preferred. The commonly used main engines are high-speed and medium diesels. Classification status from a well-known Society is important. Normally, all catamarans are being built to drawings approved by highly recognized class society. The capability of a ship to keep floating after an accident should be verified, giving special attention to reserve buoyancy and hull compartmentalization. If the vessel is a used one, its earlier service history should be asked for. Paying attention to recurring troubles or downtime would help in operational functionality. There are many types of designs that have been serving the commercial shipping industry over a period of time.